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WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center
ADMINISTRATIVE PANEL DECISION
Gaulme SA & Jean-Paul Gaultier SA v. Inova Research Group
Case No. D2000-0820
1. The Parties
The Complainants in this administrative proceeding are Gaulme SA and Jean-Paul Gaultier SA, located at 30, rue du Faubourg Saint Antoine, 75012 Paris, France, represented by Jean-Marie Moiroux, Attorney, with offices at 3, rue de Logelbach, 75017 Paris, France, hereinafter the "Complainant".
Respondent is Inova Research Group, located at 139 Fulton Street New York, NY 10038, United States, hereinafter the "Respondent".
2. Domain Name and Registrar
The domain name at issue is "jpgaultier.com", registered on March 8, 1999, hereinafter referred to as the "Domain Name". The registrar is Network Solutions.
3. Procedural History
The WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center (the Center) received the Complainant’s complaint on July 19, 2000 (electronic version) and July 24, 2000 (hard copy). The Center verified that the complaint satisfies the formal requirements of the ICANN Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the Policy), the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the Rules), and the Supplemental Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the Supplemental Rules). Complainant made the required payment to the Center. The formal date of the commencement of this administrative proceeding is July 30, 2000.
On July 22, 2000, the Center transmitted via email to Network Solutions a request for registrar verification in connection with this case. On July 26, 2000, Network Solutions transmitted via email to the Center its verification response, confirming that the registrant is Inova Research Group and that the administrative, technical and billing contact is Choi, Kenneth.
Having verified that the complaint satisfied the formal requirements of the Policy and the Rules, the Center transmitted on July 30, 2000, to the Respondent and to Network Solutions, Notification of Complaint and Commencement of the Administrative Proceeding, via post/courier, fax and e-mail, in accordance with the following contact details:
Inova Research Group
139 Fulton Street
New York, NY 10038
Fax: +1 (212)271-8809
The Center advised that the response was due by August 18, 2000. However, no response was submitted and consequently, the Center issued a Notification of Respondent Default on August 22, 2000.
On August 28, 2000, in view of the Complainant’s designation of a single panelist, the Center invited Mr. Geert Glas to serve as a panelist.
Having received Mr. Geert Glas’ Statement of Acceptance and Declaration of Impartiality and Independence, the Center transmitted to the parties a Notification of Appointment of Administrative Panel and Projected Decision Date, in which Mr. Geert Glas was formally appointed as the Sole Panelist. The Sole Panelist finds that the Administrative Panel was properly constituted and appointed in accordance with the Rules and Supplemental Rules.
The Administrative Panel shall issue its Decision based on the complaint, the evidence presented, the Policy, the Rules and the Supplemental Rules.
4. Factual Background
GAULME SA is the owner of numerous trademark registrations in various countries for the trademarks "GAULTIER", "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and "JPG". Copies of those trademark registrations are attached to the complaint. These are:
the French word mark n° 1 371 978, filed on September 25, 1986, for the word "GAULTIER" and for the goods and services of the classes 9, 16, 15, 38, 41, 42;
the international word mark n° 510 858, registered on March 24, 1987, for the word "GAULTIER" and for goods and services of the classes 9, 15, 16, 38, 41, 42;
the French word mark n° 1 641 732, filed on July 20, 1989, for the words "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and for the goods and services of the classes 3, 5, 8, 9, 11, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 38, 41, 42;
the international word mark n° 605 921, registered on August 31, 1993 for the words "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and for goods and services of the classes 9, 28, 38;
the French figurative trademark n° 1 703 307, filed on November 4, 1991, for the logo "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and for the goods and services of the classes 3, 5, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 38, 41, 42;
the international figurative trademark n° 510 859, registered on March 24, 1987, for the logo "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and for goods and services of the classes 8, 11, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 34, 38, 41;
the French figurative trademark n° 1 668 583 for the logo "JPG" and for the goods and services of the classes 3, 9, 14, 18, 25;
the international figurative trademark n° 629 834, registered on January 2, 1995, for the logo "JPG" and for goods and services of the classes 3, 9, 14, 18, 25.
It appears from a license agreement that these trademarks are used by JEAN PAUL GAULTIER SA, as exclusive licensee of GAULME SA.
It also appears that Complainant has registered various domain names incorporating the names "gaultier" and "jean paul gaultier". These are:
JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER SA distributes, directly or indirectly, the products created by Mr. Jean-Paul GAULTIER in the fashion industry (i.e. clothes, leather products, perfumes…).
Complainant’s industrial property counsel sent a warning letter on August 5, 1999 to Respondent and to Choi Kenneth, without success.
It appears from Network Solutions’ WHOIS records that the Domain Name gaultier.com, which is the subject matter of WIPO case number D2000-0821, has been registered by a registrant with the very same address as Respondent, namely 139 Fulton Street, Suite 508, New York, NY 10038, United States, and that the administrative, technical and billing contact is the very same person, namely Choi Kenneth.
There is no relation between Respondent and Complainant, and Respondent is not a licensee of Complainant, nor has Respondent otherwise obtained an authorization to use Complainant’s trademarks.
The Domain Name does not resolve to any web page.
5. Parties Contentions
Complainant contends that Respondent registered the Domain Name without the consent of Mr. Jean-Paul GAULTIER and/or GAULME SA and/or JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER SA. In addition, Respondent clearly registered the Domain Name in order to prevent Complainant from reflecting his trademark in a corresponding domain name and to take advantage of this situation by selling or otherwise transferring the Domain Name registration to Complainant or to a competitor for valuable consideration in excess of the domain name registrant’s out-of- pocket costs directly related to the Domain Name.
Consequently, Complainant requires the transfer of the Domain Name registration.
By e-mail of October 16, 2000, Complainant indicated GAULME SA as the desired transferee.
No response has been submitted.
6. Discussion and Findings
Paragraph 15(a) of the Rules instructs the Administrative Panel as to the principles the Administrative Panel is to use in determining the dispute: "A Panel shall decide a complaint on the basis of the statements and documents submitted in accordance with the Policy, these Rules and any rules and principles of law that it deems applicable."
Paragraph 4(a) of the Policy directs that the Complainant must prove each of the following:
(1) that the Domain Name registered by the Respondent is identical or confusingly similar to the trademark in which the Complainant has right; and,
(2) that the Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests in respect of the Domain Name; and,
(3) that the Domain Name has been registered and is being used in bad faith.
The Domain Name is "jpgaultier.com".
"GAULTIER", "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and "JPG" are registered trademarks of Complainant.
In view of the above, the Administrative Panel finds that the Domain Name is confusingly similar to the trademarks of Complainant.
b. Rights or Legitimate Interests
Complainant has not licensed or otherwise permitted Respondent to use any of its trademarks or to apply for any domain name incorporating any of those marks.
By not submitting a response, Respondent has failed to invoke any circumstance which could demonstrate, pursuant to paragraph 4c of the Policy, any rights or legitimate interests in the Domain Name.
The Administrative Panel therefore finds that Respondent has no legitimate right or interest in the Domain Name.
c. Registration and Use in Bad Faith
Several facts have to be taken into consideration when assessing the absence/presence of bad faith in this matter:
"GAULTIER", "JEAN-PAUL GAULTIER" and "JPG" are registered trademarks of Complainant.
Respondent could not have been unaware of Complainant, of Complainant’s trademark rights and of the fact that by registering the Domain Name he was infringing upon the rights of Complainant. At least, it was his responsibility to verify this prior to registering the Domain Name, pursuant to paragraph 2 of the Policy.
However, when registering the Domain Name, Respondent knowingly chose a name which is confusingly similar to the trademark of Complainant, thereby intentionally creating a situation which is at odds with the legal rights and obligations of the parties and which prevents Complainant from reflecting its "jpgaultier" name in a corresponding domain name.
By not submitting a response, Respondent has failed to invoke any circumstances which could demonstrate that it did neither register, nor use the Domain Name in bad faith.
In conclusion and in view of the above, it is the Panel’s opinion that Respondent registered and used the Domain Name in bad faith.
In light of the foregoing, the Administrative Panel decides that the Domain Name "jpgaultier.com" registered by Respondent is confusingly similar to the trademarks of Complainant, that Respondent has no right or legitimate interest in respect of the Domain Name, and that Respondent registered and used the Domain Name in bad faith.
Accordingly, pursuant to Paragraph 4(i) of the Policy, the Administrative Panel requires that the registration of the Domain Name "jpgaultier.com" be transferred to GAULME SA.
Dated: October 24, 2000