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and Mediation Center
V&S Vin&Sprit AB v. Karel Hajek
Case No. D2004-0960
1. The Parties
The Complainant is V&S Vin&Sprit AB, Stockholm, Sweden, represented by Cogent IPC AB, Sweden.
The Respondent is Karel Hajek, Brno, Czech Republic.
2. The Domain Name and Registrar
The disputed domain name <absolutperversion.com> is registered with CORE
Internet Council of Registrars.
3. Procedural History
The Complaint was filed with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center (the “Center”) on November 15, 2004. On November 15, 2004, the Center transmitted by email to CORE Internet Council of Registrars a request for registrar verification in connection with the domain name at issue. On November 16, 2004, CORE Internet Council of Registrars transmitted by email to the Center its verification response confirming that the Respondent is listed as the registrant and providing the contact details for the administrative, billing, and technical contact. The Center verified that the Complaint satisfied the formal requirements of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”), the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Rules”), and the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Supplemental Rules”).
In accordance with the Rules, paragraphs 2(a) and 4(a), the Center formally notified the Respondent of the Complaint, and the proceedings commenced on November 23, 2004. In accordance with the Rules, paragraph 5(a), the due date for Response was December 13, 2004. The Respondent did not submit any response. Accordingly, the Center notified the Respondent’s default on December 14, 2004.
The Center appointed Kristiina Harenko as the sole
panelist in this matter on December 21, 2004. The Panel finds that it was properly
constituted. The Panel has submitted the Statement of Acceptance and Declaration
of Impartiality and Independence, as required by the Center to ensure compliance
with the Rules, paragraph 7.
4. Factual Background
The Complainant is a Swedish joint stock company that manufactures, imports and distributes alcoholic beverages. It is the owner of hundreds of ABSOLUT trademark registrations spread over more than hundred countries. A number of registrations relate to matters other than alcoholic beverages. “absolut” can be found in about 500 gTLDs and ccTLDs owned by the Complainant.
The Respondent registered its domain name <absolutperversion.com>
on April 24, 2002, which is subsequent to when the vast majority of the Complainant’s
trademarks were registered. Furthermore, ABSOLUT became internationally recognized
as a famous mark long before the registration of the domain name <absolutperversion.com>
5. Parties’ Contentions
The Complainant’s sale of vodka under the trademark ABSOLUT began in 1979, in USA, and Sweden and other parts of Europe in 1980-1981. In 2001, in an article in Business Week, ABSOLUT was reported to have been ranked by Interbrand as the 93rd most valuable asset in the world. The trademark has also been ranked as number 1 on Forbe’s list of Top Luxury Brands according to market performance. In legal terms, such as reflected in Article 6bis of the Paris Convention for protection of Industrial Property (“PC”), confirmed and extended by Articles 16.2 and 16.3 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“TRIPS Agreement”, the status of a well-known trademark provides the owner of such a trademark with the right to prevent any use of the well-known trademark or a confusingly similar denomination connection with any products or services, also those not limited to vodka.
a) Identity or Confusing Similarity
ABSOLUT is the dominant part of the domain name in issue, making it confusingly similar to the trademark ABSOLUT. The Complainant has registered ABSOLUT as a trademark and as a domain name worldwide. The addition of the suffix “perversion” has no impact on the overall impression created by the dominant part of the name, “Absolut”. The likelihood of confusion includes an obvious association that there is some kind of commercial relation with the Complainant. The domain name must be considered to be confusingly similar with the Complainant’s trademark.
b) Rights or Legitimate Interests
The Respondent has no registered trademarks or trade
names corresponding to the domain name. The Respondent does not have any license
to use ABSOLUT trademark, nor is he a representative of the Complainant. ABSOLUT
is a famous trademark worldwide and an extremely valuable asset. In several
UDRP decisions it has been confirmed that the trademark ABSOLUT is well known
(see e.g. V&S Vin & Sprit AB v. Canal Prod Ltd, WIPO
Case No. D2002-0437, V&S Vin & Sprit AB v. Giovanni Pastore,
WIPO Case No. D2002-0926, V&S Vin
& Sprit AB v. Oliver Garcia, WIPO
Case No. D2002-1081). The Respondent cannot have been ignorant of the rights
held by the Complainant, when he applied for the domain name in question. The
domain name <absolutperversion.com> resolves to a pornographic website
with the same name as the domain name. On the website there are numerous links
to other websites with pornographic content. The Respondent also owns these
other web sites. While the web site “www.absolutperversion.com”
is not commercial itself, the web sites to where the links go must be considered
commercial with lots of ads and since these web sites are also owned by the
Respondent, the Respondent cannot be said to make legitimate non-commercial
or fair use of the domain name without the intention of commercial gain but
is misleadingly diverting consumers and tarnishing the trademark at issue for
his own commercial gain. The fact that the Respondent is using the Swedish word
“absolut” in an English context, clearly indicates and proves that
the Respondent is trying to sponge on the world famous trademark. Rights or
legitimate interests cannot be created where the user of the domain name at
issue would not choose such a name unless he was seeking to create an impression
of association with the Complainant (see Drexel University v. David Brouda,
WIPO Case No. D2001-0067).
c) Registration and Use in Bad Faith
The awareness of the trademark ABSOLUT is manifested
the world over. Its value and goodwill cannot have been unknown to the Respondent
when registration of the domain name took place. The Respondent has registered
the world famous brand ABSOLUT in combination with pornographic word “perversion”.
The domain name resolves to a pornographic website. To have pornographic products
and services offered in connection with the well-known trademark ABSOLUT severely
tarnishes the Complainant’s trademark, which is evidence of bad faith
use. The Complainant refers to the UDRP cases (Deutsche Bank Aktiengesellschaft
v. New York TV Tickets Inc., WIPO Case
No. D2001-1314, Benetton Group SpA v. Domain for Sale, WIPO
Case No. D2001-1498, Ingersoll-Rand Co. v. Frank Gully, d/b/a Advcomren,
WIPO Case No. D2000-0021, ABB Asea
Brown Boveri Ltd. v. Quicknet, WIPO Case
No. D2003-0215, America Online, Inc. v. Viper, WIPO
Case No. D2000-1198, MatchNet plc. v. MAC Trading, WIPO
Case No. D2000-0205, Coral Trademarks, Ltd. v. Eastern Net, Inc.,
WIPO Case No. D2000-1295), where the use
of a domain name, based on a famous mark, for pornographic purposes have been
established as constituting the bad faith. The links on the web site lead the
visitors to other web sites (“www.czech-sex.cz”, “www.europorno.cz”,
“www.sexyworld.cz”) also owned by the Respondent, which contains
pornographic material and commercial ads.
The trademark ABSOLUT is such a well-known and famous
mark and so obviously connected with the Complainant and its products, that
its very use by someone with no connection to the Complainant suggests an opportunistic
bad faith. The Complainant refers to UDRP cases (Parfums Christian Dior v.
Javier Garcia Quintas and Christiandior.net, WIPO
Case No. D2000-0226, Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin, Maison Fondйe en 1772
v. The Polygenix Group Co., WIPO Case
No. D2000-0163, SSL International PLC v. Mark Freeman, WIPO
Case No. D2000-1080, and Altavista Company v. Grandtotal Finances Limited
et. al., WIPO Case No. D2000-0848).
d) Remedy Requested
The Complainant requests that the domain name <absolutperversion.com> be transferred to the Complainant.
The Respondent did not reply to the Complainant’s
6. Discussion and Findings
Pursuant to Policy, Complainant must convince the Panel on the following three criteria:
(i) the domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark in which it holds rights; and
(ii) Respondent has no right or legitimate interests in the domain name; and
(iii) The domain name was registered and used in bad faith.
A. Identical or Confusingly Similar
The dominant part of the domain name <absolutperversion> comprises the
word “Absolut”, which is identical to the registered trademark ABSOLUT,
which has been registered by the Complainant as a trademark in several countries
all over the world. The addition of “perversion” to Complainant’s
trademark ABSOLUT, being a well known trademark under the international legal
framework, especially under the Paris Convention and TRIPS Agreement and of
wide international reputation, not only for its core product vodka, does not
overshadow the impact on observers of the element “absolut” as the
dominant part and as the element that indicates a connection to the Complainant.
Whether written ABSOLUT or absolut is of no consequence, due to the standard
typography of domain names. The domain name clearly falls within what may be
called the “absolut family” of domain names, adding to the infamous
set of pornography related domain names that have already been subjected to
transfer to the Complainant (See V&S Vin & Sprit AB v. Canal Prod
Ltd, WIPO Case No. D2002-0437, V&S
Vin & Sprit AB v. Giovanni Pasture, WIPO
Case No. D2002-0926 and V&V Vin&Sprit AB v. Wallin, WIPO
Case No. D2003-0437). Consequently, the domain name <absolutperversion.com>
is found to be confusingly similar to Complainant’s registered trademark
B. Rights or Legitimate Interests
The trademark ABSOLUT is well known throughout the world, at least wherever people drink spirits. It is therefore protected against all and any dilution as such trademarks are granted a general scope of protection.
The Respondent does not have any license to use the ABSOLUT trademark, nor is he a representative of the Complainant.
The Respondent has not replied to the Complainant’s contentions. The arguments by the Complainant, as summarized here above under 5A(b), supported by means of proof submitted by the Complainant, have convinced the Administrative Panel that the Respondent has not had, nor has, any rights or legitimate interest in respect of the domain name <absolutperversion.com>.
C. Registered and Used in Bad Faith
At the time he registered the domain name, the Respondent could not have been ignorant about the trademark ABSOLUT, because of its worldwide reputation.
The Respondent does not have any trademark rights of its own corresponding to the one in issue and no license or authorization from the Complainant to use such trademark.
The Respondent has made such use of ABSOLUT as severely tarnishes it, by registration
and continued use of the domain name. These are acts of bad faith. Also, the
trademark ABSOLUT is such a well-known mark that its use in unconnected business,
as in the present case, must be considered what has been called “opportunistic
For all the foregoing reasons, in accordance with Paragraphs 4(i) of the Policy and 15 of the Rules, the Panel orders that the domain name, <absolutperversion.com> be transferred to the Complainant.
Dated: December 31, 2004